There are about 200 countries in the world. The number fluctuates, of course, as sovereignty and statehood are always in contention, and that doesn’t include territories.
About 6,900 different languages are spoken in those countries.
language is also a contentious term, and we remember the wise saying, attributed to Max Weinreich, a leading Yiddish linguist: “A language is a dialect with an army and navy.”
However we define the terms, the sounds of human speech are almost infinite in their variety, and so the variety of accents and dialects of spoken English is similarly almost infinite.
IDEA’s mission is to document as many of those thousands of English accents and dialects as possible. A huge task, and we have only scratched the surface! For example, of the 60 or so African nations, we have samples from only 18.
Today, IDEA’s more than 1,300 samples represent roughly 100 of the world’s 200 or so countries. Impressive for an all-volunteer organization. And for some of those countries, we can boast multiple samples. For instance, we have around 100 samples from China and England, more than 30 from New York, 35 from Ontario, and 30 from South Africa.
Use the Accents and Dialects drop-down menu to review our holdings, or use the search function to explore the archive.
But to see at a glance what the archive still needs, see our Global Map, or consult our top priorities (the samples we desire the most) below, and then please help us plug the gaps. See Submissions to find out how you can help.
1. Northern Africa (Libya, Morocco, Niger, Chad, etc.)
2. Mainland Portugal (Europe)
3. Idaho (North America, United States)
4. Central and eastern Russia (Asia), particularly Siberia
5. Belize (Central America)
6. Delaware (North America, United States)
7. Southern end of Arabian peninsula in the Middle East (Yemen, Oman, and UAE)
8. Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories (North America, Canada)
9. Newfoundland and Labrador (North America, Canada)
10. Far western China (Asia), particularly samples of elderly subjects
11. Indonesia (Asia)
12. Zambia (Africa)
13. Namibia (Africa)
14. Northwestern Mexico, the Baja and near the U.S. border (North America, Mexico)
15. Yucatan Peninsula (North America, Mexico)
16. French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana (South America)
17. Bosnia and Herzegovina (Europe)
18. Siberia (Russia, Asia)