DATE OF BIRTH (DD/MM/YYYY): 30/06/1989
PLACE OF BIRTH: East Glamorgan, South Wales
OCCUPATION: student at Trinity College in Wales
EDUCATION: theatre-production design student
AREA(S) OF RESIDENCE OUTSIDE REPRESENTATIVE REGION FOR LONGER THAN SIX MONTHS:
When recorded, subject was visiting Orange County, California, in the United States, for a semester as a foreign-exchange student. But he has not lived anywhere else except his native Wales. He is from Rhondda Cynon Taff, in South Wales.
OTHER INFLUENCES ON SPEECH:
Subject does not speak Welsh.
RECORDED BY: Eva Dailey (under supervision of David Nevell)
DATE OF RECORDING (DD/MM/YYYY): 18/11/2009
PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION OF SCRIPTED SPEECH: N/A
TRANSCRIBED BY: N/A
DATE OF TRANSCRIPTION (DD/MM/YYYY): N/A
ORTHOGRAPHIC TRANSCRIPTION OF UNSCRIPTED SPEECH:
Hello, I am from Rhondda Cynon Taff in a place called South Wales in Great Britain. Em, back at home there’s hardly anything else to do; like here you have all your shops and stuff and it’s a bit insane and everything’s readily available, which makes me [unclear] ’cause back home you have to travel quite far and wide to get what you want especially if you want to get [unclear, lots/loads?] of little gadgets and stuff. You have to go to, eh, London or the Camden Market in order to get all the weird and wonderful things. Where I’m from its just a big massive [unclear] housing; it’s quite small; it’s not very big, and it just goes on for miles and miles and miles and miles, and if you’re in our [unclear], you’re from but the good [unclear] is you know me now so you know where to find me you know. Em, a couple of years ago, when I was about 13, I started to doing a martial arts called Taekwondo, and I did that for five years until I was about 18, and I got my black belt and I was going for my second [unclear], and I used to do like tons and tons of competitions in all over Wales and all over Britain, which got me addicted to fitness as well. And, eh, I recently as of yesterday went to the fitness hall here, which is absolutely amazing, and, em, I did two miles jogging, and I haven’t done any jogging for like two years, so I was quite happy, but today I’m in a lot of pain. I’ve been, eh, walking around and my whole sides just absolutely killing me [unclear], so I’m kind of I think I pushed myself a little too hard yesterday, ya know, but I don’t know what to say so. As far a theatre goes, well I’m not an actor, OK, and it’s five of us all together; you have two of us are design-production students, and we cover everything from construction to props to designing to sound to lighting and stage managing, all everything to do with, ya know, backstage. I wouldn’t call myself a techie ’cause I’m not a techie at all. I’m more of a design and production theatrical practitioner; that’s what I like to call myself somebody’s who’s [unclear] a little bit more free and loose compared to someone who’s called a techie, [unclear] don’t come underneath that branch if I had to then I would, but not as a name for myself.
TRANSCRIBED BY: Eva Dailey (under supervision of David Nevell)
DATE OF TRANSCRIPTION (DD/MM/YYYY): 18/11/2009
PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION OF UNSCRIPTED SPEECH: N/A
TRANSCRIBED BY: N/A
DATE OF TRANSCRIPTION (DD/MM/YYYY): N/A
Some younger speakers will use glottalization for voiceless plosive sounds. They also tend to mumble and cluster some of their sentences when excited or talking fast. Also, the /ing/ sound is almost always dropped in younger speakers. Note that the tapped /r/ is not always used by the younger Welsh generation. Pitch is also used for emphasis.
1. Instead of the GenAm [oʊ] diphthong, the Welsh speaker uses a pure long [o] vowel. Examples: going, roll, boat, lonely, holy, coal
2. In GenAm we use the same long [e:] as the Welsh speaker most of the time. Be sure not to glide [eɪ] or [ɛɪ]. Examples: cable, waist, stable, lazy, gave, pavement
3. Unlike most English dialects the dark [ɫ] is turned into a light and clear . Examples: well, sell, little, clear, plastic, cool
4. The short /a/ sound changes from a very front clear [æ] to a [ʌ], which is more of a back vowel sound. Examples: ban, plan, sandwich, chance, fan, lamp
5. The rounded back vowel [ɒ] for the following words are the same for both Welsh and American speakers. Examples: daughter, salt, wallet, call, bought, fault
6. Like most British speakers, the Welsh use the [ɒ] sound rather than the American open front vowel [a] in the following words. Examples: cob, snob, chocolate, fox, pocket, college
7. The [i] sounds at the ends of words are unusually bright in the Welsh dialect. And they may even have more duration then GenAm. Examples: fancy, duty, nativity, pretty, simply, happy
8. All triphthong vowels in Welsh have the energy that to an American speaker a [j] or [w] seems to be created in the middle of the glide. Examples: coward, lion, player, lawyer, flour, tired
9. Welsh uses no rhoticity like most British regional dialects when the /r/ follows a vowel. Examples: bird, purr, first, barnyard, meter, horse
10. However, when the /r/ is before the vowel it is often tapped or flapped [ɾ] To the American ear it sounds almost like rolling. This is especially obvious when the /r/ is following a consonant. Examples: really, frame, Sarah, price, fiery, rigid
11. Where American as well as many other dialects would use a schwa [ ə], Welsh speakers employ a maximum difference from one sound to the next. Examples: compensate, consequence, influence, possibility, vowels, to be
12. Unique to the Welsh dialect is it’s interesting use of plosives [p, t, k]. The plosive sounds are more aspirated and vigorous. Examples: city, cripple, butter, collect, shaked
COMMENTARY BY: Eva Dailey (under supervision of David Nevell)
DATE OF COMMENTARY (DD/MM/YYYY): 18/11/2009
The archive provides:
- Recordings of accent/dialect speakers from the region you select.
- Text of the speakers’ biographical details.
- Scholarly commentary and analysis in some cases.
- In most cases, an orthographic transcription of the speakers’ unscripted speech. In a small number of cases, you will also find a narrow phonetic transcription of the sample (see Phonetic Transcriptions for a complete list). The recordings average four minutes in length and feature both the reading of one of two standard passages, and some unscripted speech. The two passages are Comma Gets a Cure (currently our standard passage) and The Rainbow Passage (used in our earliest recordings).
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